Continous Positive Airwave Pressure (CPAP) is the application of continous positive pressure that maintains a continued level of positive airwave pressure. This helps a person who has sleep apnea breathe easily during sleep. This machine will increase air pressure in the throat avoiding the airway collapsing when one breathes in. It has a mask covering the nose and mouth, may have a mask that covers nose only, that is a Nasal Continous Positive Airway Pressure(NCPAP), and prongs that are fitted in the nose.
This latest technology is done to help people with severe and moderate sleep apnea, coronary heart diseases or heart failure. It works well in that it NCPAP, lowers blood pressure during day and night when used by people who have moderate and severe sleep apnea. CPAP has been the best option when treating obstructive-sleep apnea other than non surgical procudures. Patients suffering from coronary heart disease who use CPAP to treat sleep apnea have lesser chances of ending up with heart failures. Research has been done and indicate that CPAP reduces daytime sleep commonly to those with moderate and severe sleep apnea. This may not be the case with mild sleep apnea people.
Some of the risks associated with continous Positive Airwave pressure are:
1. It brings about abdominal bloating.
2. There is excessive dreaming and nightmares during early usage.
3. Causes sore throat and dry nose.
4. There is frequent sneezing, runny nose and nasal congestion.
5. Irritation of skin on the face area and the eyes.
6. If the mask doesn’t fit properly, their will be leakage.
Some of these side effects can be limited by:
1. A proper mask should be given by the doctor or he should be able to adjust it to avoid leakage.
2. Nasal drainage and irritation can be reduced by using a corticosteroid or a humidifier.